American Cream Draft Horse

Posted: October 10, 2012 in Pet Profiles
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One of the most endangered breeds of horse has its roots planted firmly in United States soil. The American Cream Draft Horse is the only draft horse to originate in the U.S. The breed goes back to the early 1900s and it’s founding mare Old Granny. She was a mare of unknown ancestry with an outstanding cream color in Central Iowa. Her offspring were bred with other well known draft breeds to improve type and quality while maintaining the champagne color.


Admired by all who saw them, Creams began gaining in popularity. In 1944, the American Cream Draft Horse Association of America was granted a charter by the State of Iowa. The breed standard is a horse that is cream in color, pink skin, and amber eyes. (Commonly have a white mane and tail.) They stand between 15 and 16.3 hands high. Mares generally weigh about 1600-1800 pounds, while stallions weigh in at about 1800-2000 pounds. They are short with well-muscled hindquarters, wide chest, and a short, strong back.


Unfortunately, when the age of machines arrived, the ACD nearly became extinct. In 1982, several members reopened the organization registry, which had become inactive. Since then, the Creams numbers have slowly been increasing. However, there are less than 400 animals registered today.


One flaw in the breed is that some Creams have been found to have Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa (JEB), also known as Red Foot Disease. It is a disease more common in Belgians, but has been found in a few Creams. JEB causes newborn foals to lose large areas of skin to blistering, and can affect the mucous membranes which makes it difficult to eat and digest food. Most often than not, this disease leads to euthansia of the animal.

While browsing forums of breeders and breed enthusists, the general consensus seems to be that the Cream has a calm and willing demeanor. They enjoy the company of people and are content in whatever job they are given; hobby farming, logging, driving, hay rides, riding and even dressage. They don’t generally spook easily and make a great starter draft horse.


(All images from Google. We don’t know anyone who personally owns an ACDH.)


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